Slums play a central role in Ghanaian politics. The way that they are really governed, how “hidden” informal networks interact with formal politics, and how citizens hold their leaders to account, are too often overlooked.
Land is a “key fault line” in Kenya. Throughout East Africa land law reform has been pursued at the expense of substantive land reform. New laws have not been redistributive or transformative in a positive way.
Under the astute presidency of Donald Kaberuka, the AfDB has demonstrated resilience and leadership. This Briefing Note examines the Bank’s achievements and considers the challenges confronting Kaberuka’s successor.